Wei Yuan’s atlas of The Kingdom of The Sea, not taken seriously by the Qing Dynasty, but let Japan crowded into the great powers

2022-05-04 0 By

Prosperity and decline is the law of nature, every dynasty in the stage of prosperity, will decline.After the Qing dynasty was closed to the outside world during the Qianlong period, the dynasty gradually went from prosperity to decline.In 1840, the first Opium War broke out between China and Britain, and wei Yuan, a patriotic figure in the Qing Dynasty, joined the struggle against the British.Although the Qing government fought bravely against Japan, it was still defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Tianjin (1842), which made Wei Yuan see the strong ships, guns and science and technology of the West.Wei Yuan was a full of patriotic people, all full of grief and indignation, closed the book.After he resigned to Yangzhou, he wrote the Preface to the Record of the Sage of Wu summarized by his predecessors, and then at the instruction of Lin Zexu, determined to write a book on how to enrich the country and strengthen the army and defend the country deeply.In and Lin Zexu presided over the editor of the four States on the basis of history, and according to the history of the western countries and precious materials, painstaking compilation of China at that time, is the earliest historical reference book “Haiguo Atlas”.The book contains 100 volumes of detailed descriptions of climate, products, transportation and trade, folk customs, culture and education, sino-foreign relations, science and technology, railways, science and technology, geography and so on.Wei yuan also used a large number of sub-volumes mainly to describe the strategy of using the barbarians to attack the barbarians, using the barbarians as the division, using their strong skills to defeat the barbarians, pointing out the strategy of taking defense as the defense, waiting for work, and advocating the strategy of reforming the internal affairs.However, Wei yuan’s painstaking compilation of Haiguo Atlas did not receive the attention of the Qing government.In the 1860s, the United States took the lead in opening the door to Japan. In order to change the fate of Japan, which was reduced to a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country like China, it was extremely important for Japan to find a way to strengthen its armed forces and defend itself deeply.A Japanese man named Yasutu Yituo (I don’t know, I’ve heard it from someone else), who, having only had the pleasure of reading the Preface to the Annals of the Martial Sage, began to offer this advice.Soon afterwards he brought the entire text to Japan.Haiguo Tuzhi spread to Japan, more favored and highly respected by the upper class, soon Japan got rid of the fate of the qing government as semi-feudal and semi-colonial, from then on the road of a rich country and a strong army.Japan was deeply influenced by Chinese culture, and the Tokugawa Shogunate, once in power, also closed the country. Tokugawa shogunate signed a series of unequal treaties with the United States, which became the object of Japanese conquest and the premise of Meiji Restoration.Do you feel that Japan and China have traveled a similar path?It proves that if a country wants not to lag behind, it has to reform, and we have to try, not only to sum up the experience of our predecessors but also to sum up and explore, but also to value the valuable experience left by our ancestors.